Topic: Communicating Covid 19 and Incidence of Cases in Singapore
Paper details:

I need a comprehensive review of Related literature with proper citations/related studies, minimum of 40-50, but more will be good. This proposal should focus on risk communication. Please find below related studies where you can draw some inspirations from:

Abrams. (2020). Risk Communication During COVID-19. Retrieved from
Bavel. (2020). Using social and behavioural science to support COVID-19 pandemic response. Retrieved from

Ellis. (2020). The Coronavirus Outbreak Is a Petri Dish for Conspiracy Theories. Retrieved from

Paulik. (2020). The Case for Effective Risk Communication: Lessons from a Global Pandemic. Retrieved from

Glik DC. 2007. Risk communication for public health emergencies. Annu Rev Public Health 28: 33– 54.
Ejiugwo MD. (2013). Risk Communication during the A (H1N1) 2009 Influenza Pandemic in Europe: Avoiding Communication Problems during future Pandemics. Retrieved from

Sandman. (2020). Public Health’s Single Biggest COVID-19 Risk Communication Failure. Retrieved from
Van Bavel, J. J., P. Boggio, V. Capraro, A. Cichocka, M. Cikara, M. Crockett, … N. Ellemers. 2020. “Using Social and Behavioural Science to Support COVID-19 Pandemic Response.” Nature Human Behaviour

Reluga, T. C. 2010. “Game Theory of Social Distancing in Response to an Epidemic.” PLoS Computational Biology 6 (5): e1000793–9. doi:10.1371/journal.pcbi.1000793.

Bolin, B. & Kurtz, L.C. Race, class, ethnicity, and disaster vulnerability. in Handbook of Disaster Research (eds. Rodríguez, H., Donner, W. & Trainor, J. E.) 181–203 (Springer International Publishing, 2018).

Kitayama, S. et al. Behavioral adjustment moderates the link between neuroticism and biological health risk: a U.S.-Japan comparison study. Pers. Soc. Psychol. Bull. 44, 809–822 (2018).

Kraus, B. & Kitayama, S. Interdependent self-construal predicts emotion suppression in Asian Americans: an electro-cortical investigation. Biol. Psychol. 146, 107733 (2019).

Gelfand, M. J., Harrington, J. R. & Jackson, J. C. Perspect. Psychol. Sci. 12, 800–809 (2017). The strength of social norms across

Frenkel, S., Alba, D. & Zhong, R. Surge of virus misinformation stumps Facebook and Twitter. Te New York Times 2020/03/08/technology/coronavirus-misinformation-social-media.html (2020).

Abbassian. (2020). Coronavirus: Panic buying, lockdowns may drive world food inflation. Retrieved from

Have also attached my term paper last semester as some topics such as singapore management of covid and some social media/misinformation subtopics can also be utilized in the RRL required for this job. You may come up with a better idea but my suggested subtopics for RRL will be:

part 1: (7 pages)
1. RRL introduction
2. What is Risk Com (in general, and in health concept, can probably cite definitions by WHO, etc, the theories of risk comm, i have found The mental noise model, The negative dominance model, The trust determination model, The risk perception model
2.risk communication in the context of covid here in singapore (how did the government communicated with the public, the measures they had in place, how the public reacted etc, effectiveness of governmental campaigns
3. the pandemic challenge to risk com
such as misinformation /infodemics/covid 19 conspiracy theories ,social media use etc, the reluctance of the public to adhere, or the public trusted Prime Minister Lee but they have difficulties adhering to the covid measures in place especially the youth (who treats covid very lightly and still go to the malls etc after school)
4..culture, leadership, level of trust
5 .risk com lapses or barriers
6. solutions for effective risk com
you may combine the aforementioned subtopics together and you can add more subtopics where you deem it to be necessary.

part 2: 2 pages
Theoretical Framework -diagram and explanation
Conceptual Framework- diagram and explanation

The frameworks in part 2 will be used to answer research questions. Research questions will depend on review of related literature. Example:
1. if i want to find out how government communicates to the public, can probably used the basic model of communication SMCRE.
2.If i want to measure the level of trust of the public towards the government, perhaps can use trust determination theory here.
The theories to be used and the entire paper must also be communicational.

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